Friday, October 07, 2016

Hurricane Matthew, ‘Extremely Dangerous,’ Threatens Jacksonville

Hurricane Matthew churned north along the coast of Florida on Friday, and state officials and forecasters shifted their focus to the danger of serious flooding in Jacksonville later in the day. The hurricane stayed just far enough offshore to spare Central Florida a direct hit, and it weakened slightly overnight, but it was still a powerful Category 3 storm with winds of about 115 miles per hour.
Marciano Roblero in his yard in West Palm Beach, Fla. Credit Max Reed for The New York Times
The storm was blamed for the deaths of more than 800 people in Haiti, according to a Reuters report on Friday Reuters based on information from civil protection and local officials, showed that at least 842 were confirmed dead.
Jacksonville is by far the largest population center in the hurricane’s path, with 868,000 people living in the city and almost 1.6 million in the metropolitan area.
“We’re very focused on Jacksonville,” Gov. Rick Scott said. “There’s potential for significant flooding there.”
Dispatches from our reporters on the ground; a live storm tracker map; and answers to reader questions will be updated below.

The Latest

■ At 2 p.m., the hurricane’s center was less than 40 miles east-southeast of St. Augustine, and about 70 miles southeast of Jacksonville. The storm was moving north-northwest at about 12 m.p.h.
■ Evacuation orders were in effect in areas that are home to about 1.5 million people in Florida, more than 500,000 in Georgia and more than 250,000 in South Carolina.
■ At least one death in Florida has been connected to the hurricane. At 1:20 a.m. Friday, the St. Lucie County fire service received a call to aid a woman in her late 50s who had suffered a heart attack, but winds approaching hurricane force prevented emergency vehicles from responding.
■ Florida officials reported Friday afternoon that nearly 827,000 customers had lost electricity. In four counties — Brevard, Flagler, Indian River and Volusia — more than half of electrical customers lacked power.
■ Significant flooding hit cities north of Daytona, including St. Augustine and Palm Coast, on Friday.

Facebook Live | Alan Blinder, Reporting From Orlando

■ Matthew is expected to continue to parallel the coast into Georgia and the Carolinas, putting Savannah, Charleston and Wilmington, N.C., at risk, before turning out to sea. Forecasters warned that a shift westward of just a few miles in the storm’s track would greatly increase damage onshore.
■ The National Weather Service extended its hurricane warning northward into North Carolina, as far as Surf City. The Weather Service downgraded the hurricane warning for Florida’s south-central coast to a tropical storm warning, and lifted the tropical storm warning for the state’s southern coast, including Miami, Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach.
Waves driven by Hurricane Matthew pounding a fishing pier on Thursday in Pompano Beach, Fla. Credit Gaston De Cardenas/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
■ President Obama warned against complacency. “I just want to emphasize to everybody that this is still a really dangerous hurricane, that the potential for storm surge, flooding, loss of life and severe property damage continues to exist,” he told reporters at the White House. “Pay attention to what your local officials are telling you. If they tell you to evacuate, you need to get out of there and move to higher ground.” The president has declared a state of emergency in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina, allowing federal agencies to coordinate relief efforts.
■ Officials urged residents who have not evacuated to remain in shelters and not be deceived by the bands of rain that come and go. Richard Knabb, director of the National Hurricane Center, said, “Just because the center is off shore doesn’t mean you can’t be the center of the action.”
■ To cover the storm and its aftermath, The New York Times has deployed journalists in Miami; Orlando, Fla.; Port St. Lucie, Fla.; Titusville, Fla.; Jacksonville, Fla.; Atlanta; and Charleston, S.C. Follow our correspondents on Twitter.

Storm Tracker

Continue reading the main story
Continue reading the main story
SEVERITY Category 4 3 2 1 Tropical storm Densely populated areas

High Winds, but Sigh of Relief, at Cape Canaveral

The Kennedy Space Center, and the space program that depends on it, may have dodged a bullet.
As Hurricane Matthew moved north, it passed Cape Canaveral, according to NASA blog, with recorded sustained winds of 90 miles per hour and gusts up to 107 miles per hour —lower than initially feared but still enough to cause damage.
A 10:07 a.m. posting said there was “limited roof damage” and debris around the facility, with water and electric power disrupted. Storm surge, which might have been an enormous problem for the site, “has been observed to be relatively minimal.”
A team of more than 100 people checking out the damage will not be able to get a more thorough look until winds die down a bit more; a damage assessment and recovery team will be brought in for a formal examination on Saturday.
William Harwood, who covers the space program for CBS from the area, spent the night at the Brevard County Emergency Operations Center and reported rainfall totals at 8 to 12 inches at the space center, with a storm surge of one to five inches. It was “much lower than expected,” he wrote in a tweet. — JOHN SCHWARTZ in New York

Florida Governor Declines to Extend Voter Registration

Mr. Scott, a Republican, declined to extend the deadline after a call from Hillary Clinton’s presidential campaign to accommodate people disrupted by the hurricane. Read more »

South Carolina Governor’s Message: Evacuate

As the hurricane moved up the coast, South Carolina officials pleaded for residents to leave coastal areas and barrier islands, warning that the storm could bring heavy rains and deadly flooding.
“It is getting worse,” Gov. Nikki R. Haley said at a news conference on Friday morning. “We are looking at major storm surges, we are looking at major winds.”
As of 11 a.m., South Carolina’s entire coast was under a hurricane warning and a storm surge watch, said John Quagliariello, a warning coordination meteorologist with the National Weather Service. He said the storm might make landfall in South Carolina on Saturday.
Taking shelter at a high school in North Charleston, S.C., on Friday. Credit Jonathan Drake/Reuters
“Right now we’re looking at the potential for disasters and life-threatening storm surge inundation along the coast,” Mr. Quagliariello said. With as much as eight to 14 inches of rain in the forecast, he said, “we’re looking at the potential for deadly flooding on the Charleston peninsula.”
Ms. Haley said that 310,000 people had evacuated, out of a target population of 500,000 potential evacuees, and that officials were going door to door, urging residents to leave. She said she was especially concerned about the state’s barrier islands.
“Daniel Island — they’re not moving,” Ms. Haley said. “We need you to do this. The water that’s going to come in is going to be dangerous.”
Ms. Haley said that, as of Friday morning, nearly 3,000 residents were staying in the state’s 66 shelters.
“We need lots of prayers today, and we need to encourage our family, friends and neighbors to understand: It’s not worth risking your life to see if you can ride out a storm,” she said. — JESS BIDGOOD in Charleston, S.C.

Could Hurricane Loop Back?

Forecasters say there are hints that the storm could take a path back toward the coastline, at a reduced strength. Read more from John Schwartz»

Big Storm, Big Headlines

Newspapers across Florida captured the approach of the storm. You can view a selection of them here.

Storm Staggers Haiti; Death Toll Is Expected to Climb

The Haitian government says more than 280 people had died during the hurricane, but on Friday Reuters reported that its own tally, based on information from civil protection and local officials, showed that at least 842 were confirmed dead.
Now that transportation and at least some communication to those areas have been restored, a fuller picture of the damage is emerging, officials said at a news conference held by the Ministry of Interior. — AZAM AHMED in Miami
Hurricane Matthew destroyed homes as it passed through Jérémie, Haiti, on Thursday. Credit Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters

Our Reporter Is Taking Hurricane Questions

John Schwartz, a New York Times reporter who covers climate change and the environment, is answering reader questions about the storm. He rode out his first hurricane, Carla, in his hometown, Galveston, Tex., at age 4. He has covered the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, as well as other storms for The Times.
Ask your hurricane questions here.
What is the relationship between Hurricane Matthew and climate change? How important is it for the news media to depict and discuss this? — Cynthia Young
Cynthia, this is one of the great questions of our age — not just establishing the role of climate change on extreme weather events, but also in stating clearly what we know and do not know. Short answer: It is difficult to attribute a particular storm to climate change, especially in the middle of the action.
But climate scientists are working at quick attribution, and that science is developing. After interviewing Gabriel A. Vecchi, a climate researcher, I put it this way in an article a few weeks ago:
The issue might appear to be simple: Warmer oceans provide more energy for storms, so storms should get more numerous and mighty. But other factors have complicated the picture, he said, including atmospheric changes that can affect wind shear, a factor that keeps cyclones from forming.
Kerry A. Emanuel, a climate scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, said the evidence suggested climate change would cause the strongest storms to grow even stronger, and to be more frequent. Unresolved questions surround the effect of warming on the weaker storms, but even those will dump more rain, leading over time to increased damage from flooding.
Read more»

How The Times Prepares for a Coming Storm

Two veteran journalists discuss the challenges inherent in covering hurricanes. Read more»

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