Thursday, March 31, 2011
Senses and motion control, according to Konner, are two important aspects of hominin evolution; we come from a particular combination of precocious sense development, and late motor development.
I apply this insight to the redesign we are going through at this stage of our evolution. I am writing this at the outskirts of Iguala town, where I receive WiFi connection from the Spanish company Telefónica. I am in a quiet place good for thinking at this time of day.This HP Mini is an extension of my senses, and I can carry it with me.
I have been teaching this past three years with a series of blogs, that you can see looking at my Blogger profile. This is a prosthesis, an electronic prosthesis. This hardware allows me to connect with my software cocoon.
Right new this cocoon is not huge, I use the Google platform, Wikipedia, and the electronic arXiv, maintained at Los Alamos, and Cornell University, among other mirrors. I also read an inordinate amount of news through the New York Times, and La Jornada.
My method of teaching for a long time has been to depend heavily on the Information I have accumulated over my lifetime span of over sixty years. That has been increased by all the Information I use in the Internet. With this Movistar Broad Band service I just acquire, I became a Connected Professor.
Tuesday, March 29, 2011
Monday, March 28, 2011
The leftist party PRD just announced they are going to go alone in the State of Mexico gubernatorial race. In previous occasions they have run together with the rightist party PAN.
Sunday, March 27, 2011
I have had close to 90,000 visitors in close to a year. 84,227 reads the meter right now. Not bad. Still this is a private site, maybe with some public interest. In the beginning I was writing for my Glenbard East High School students in Lombard, Illinois. I doubt it if any of those kids is still reading this.
My son, and wife are doing well without my money, my daughter could use some though. In any case, I have a little bit of a respite, while I plan my graceful exit from Mexico, I am doing some research on the evolution of childhood.
My overall interest is Information: as a philosophical and physical category.
We have entered the Information Era. One possible date is the NYT WikiLeaks papers release date, of the US war in the Middle East.
I imagine kids like these in Libya, and other African nations. I can see a scenario like in Cuarón's, The Children of Men.
Sad thing is; they are nice kids.
Saturday, March 26, 2011
Friday, March 25, 2011
Thursday, March 24, 2011
I don't believe it. This is a cheap tourist plot to get some dollars in the Mexican depressed economy.
Shame on you: Mr. Alfonso de María y Campos Castelló.
Wednesday, March 23, 2011
Tuesday, March 22, 2011
What if it is about reliable oil supplies to Europe, and other western powers?
Then the present skirmishers will end up with another willing dictator.
In Mexico, I do not believe there is a war on drugs, nor a war on terror. One country cannot go to war against a noun. In Mexico, as I believe, like everywhere else, we are witnessing a war for natural resources. More children than we can feed, and bathe. Wars for water rights, and the like.
A hard rain is gonna fall.
Pelé the best soccer player I've seen, and Diego Armando Maradona, both born poor, one in Brazil, the other a few hundred miles away in Argentina. The first built a capitalistic empire with all the money he collected by playing professionally, since he was sixteen!, The other, got fat, then addicted to cocaine, and lost the South African World Cup, as the manager of his country's team.
Two countries, with oil, Libya and Mexico, by all means our system down here is not perfect, but we have nothing like the Gaddafis' banana republic of Libya.
I hope our Libyan brothers and sisters, find a sensible solution to the mess the Gaddafis' are leaving.
Analysis of the Libyan war, [link]
One is about Muhammad Yunus, the people's banker, [link], the other is about Larry Page of Google, [link].
Both men have been sued by other interests, Yunus by his government of Bangladesh, and Page by his. Grameen, is bank for poor people (Yunus), Google (Page) wants to digitized ALL books. Copyright is the issue the American judge used to stop this enterprise, which I will call the library for poor people.
If we lived in a Utopian society there is no issue for either men. We do not, the way things are, dictate that moneyed people, get to profit from books and money.
Monday, March 21, 2011
Saturday, March 19, 2011
Thursday, March 17, 2011
Wednesday, March 16, 2011
The DOE opted to close the Tevatron in part to focus on other experiments, including several aiming to capture elusive particles of dark matter or study the properties of neutrinos. Lately, though, budget concerns have hit these plans too. The DOE and the NSF have yet to reach agreement on how to fund the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL), to be based in Homestake, South Dakota, which would host many of these experiments. This project is estimated to cost between $800 million and $900 million.
The United States leads the world in developing the sophisticated beams, accelerators and detectors used in neutrino and dark-matter experiments. But it may no longer be eager to host them. "Lower-cost countries will say we'll dig the hole to put your detectors in," says Milind Diwan of Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, a co-spokesman for the Long Baseline Neutrino Experiment, to be based at DUSEL.''
Tuesday, March 15, 2011
Monday, March 14, 2011
Every time some human attribute is said to be unique, whether tool-making or language or warfare, biologists soon find some plausible precursor in animals that makes the ability less distinctive.
Still, humans are vastly different from other animals, however hard the difference may be to define. A cascade of events, some the work of natural selection, some just plain accidents, propelled the human lineage far from the destiny of being just another ape, down an unexpected evolutionary path to become perhaps the strangest blossom on the ample tree of life.
And what was the prime mover, the dislodged stone that set this eventful cascade in motion? It was, perhaps, the invention of weapons — an event that let human ancestors escape the brutal tyranny of the alpha male that dominated ape societies.
Biologists have little hesitation in linking humans’ success to their sociality. The ability to cooperate, to make individuals subordinate their strong sense of self-interest to the needs of the group, lies at the root of human achievement.
“Humans are not special because of their big brains,” says Kim Hill, a social anthropologist at Arizona State University. “That’s not the reason we can build rocket ships — no individual can. We have rockets because 10,000 individuals cooperate in producing the information.”
The two principal traits that underlie the human evolutionary success, in Dr. Hill’s view, are the unusual ability of nonrelatives to cooperate — in almost all other species, only closely related individuals will help each other — and social learning, the ability to copy and learn from what others are doing. A large social network can generate knowledge and adopt innovations far more easily than a cluster of small, hostile groups constantly at war with each other, the default state of chimpanzee society.
If a shift in social behavior was the critical development in human evolution, then the answer to how humans became unique lies in exploring how human societies first split away from those of apes.
Paleoanthropologists often assume that chimp societies are a reasonably good stand-in for the ancestral ape society that gave rise to the chimp and human lineages. Living hunter-gatherers may reflect those of long ago, since humans always lived this way until the first settled societies of 15,000 years ago.
The two species’ social structure could scarcely be more different. Chimp society consists of a male hierarchy, dominated by the alpha male and his allies, and a female hierarchy beneath it. The alpha male scores most of the paternities, cutting his allies in on others. The females try to mate with every male around, so each may think he’s the father and spare her child. How did a chimplike society ever give rise to the egalitarian, largely monogamous structure of hunter-gatherer groups?
A new and comprehensive answer to this question has been developed by Bernard Chapais of the University of Montreal. Dr. Chapais is a primatologist who has spent 25 years studying monkey and ape societies. Recently he devoted four years to reading the literature of social anthropology with the goal of defining the transition between nonprimate and human societies. His book, “Primeval Kinship,” was published in 2008.
Dr. Chapais sees the transition as a series of accidents, each of which let natural selection exploit new opportunities. Early humans began to walk on two legs because it was a more efficient way of getting around than knuckle-walking, the chimps’ method. But that happened to leave the hands free. Now they could gesture, or make tools.
It was a tool, in the form of a weapon, that made human society possible, in Dr. Chapais’s view. Among chimps, alpha males are physically dominant and can overpower any rival. But weapons are great equalizers. As soon as all males were armed, the cost of monopolizing a large number of females became a lot higher. In the incipient hominid society, females became allocated to males more equally. General polygyny became the rule, then general monogamy.
This trend led to the emergence of a critical change in sexual behavior: the replacement of the apes’ orgiastic promiscuity with the pair bond between male and female. With only one mate, for the most part, a male had an incentive to guard her from other males to protect his paternity.
The pair bond was the pivotal event that opened the way to hominid evolution, in Dr. Chapais’s view. On the physiological level, having two parents around allowed the infants to be dependent for longer, a requirement for continued brain growth after birth. Through this archway, natural selection was able to drive up the volume of the human brain until it eventually reached three times that of a chimpanzee.
On the social level, the presence of both parents revealed the genealogical structure of the family, which is at least half hidden in chimp societies. A chimp knows who its mother and siblings are, because it grows up with them, but not its father or father’s relatives. So the neighboring bands to which female chimps disperse at puberty, avoiding incest, are perceived as full of strange males and treated with unremitting hostility.
In the incipient hominid line, males could recognize their sisters and daughters in neighboring bands. They could also figure out that the daughter’s or sister’s mate shared a common genetic interest in the welfare of the woman’s children. The neighboring males were no longer foes to be killed in sight — they were the in-laws.
The presence of female relatives in neighboring bands became for the first time a bridge between them. It also created a new and more complex social structure. The bands who exchanged women with each other learned to cooperate, forming a group or tribe that would protect its territory from other tribes. Though cooperation became the norm within a tribe, tribes would wage warfare just as relentlessly as chimpanzee bands.
“There is no single pressure that made us human,” Dr. Chapais said in an interview. He sees human evolution as having progressed through a series of accidents. “The fact that you can recognize patrilineal kin was not selected for, but as soon as you had that you could move forward and establish peaceful relations with other groups,” he said.
The new social structure would have induced the development of different social behaviors. “I personally am hung up on cooperation as being what really differentiates humans from nonhuman apes,” said Michael Tomasello, a developmental psychologist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany. A system of cooperative bands “provides the kind of social infrastructure that can really get things going,” he said.
In a series of experiments comparing human and chimpanzee infants, Dr. Tomasello has shown that very young children have an urge to help others. One of these skills is what he calls shared intentionality, the ability to form a plan with others for accomplishing a joint endeavor. Children, but not chimps, will point at things to convey information, they will intuit others’ intentions from the direction of their gaze, and they will help others achieve a goal.
Early humans venturing out into the savannah from the apes’ ancestral forest refuge would have been surrounded by predators and in fierce competition for food. Cooperation may have been forced on them as a condition of existence. “Humans were put under some kind of collective pressure to collaborate in their gathering of food — they became obligate collaborators — in a way that their closest primate relatives were not,” Dr. Tomasello writes in a recent book, “Why We Cooperate.”
Humans wear the mark of their shared intentionality, he notes, in a small but significant feature — the whites of their eyes, which are three times larger than those of any other primate, presumably to help others follow the direction of gaze. Indeed, chimps infer the direction of gaze by looking at another’s head, but infants do so by watching the eyes.
So if ever a visiting Martian biologist should ask you what made your species the master of its planet, point first to your mother and all her relatives, then to the whites of your eyes, and only lastly to your prominent forehead.
Here I write some thoughts on how to achieve this feat.
First I have to tell myself where am I going with all this searching.
I believe that a new synthesis is coming, our tools have put us in an auspicious situations during this first part of the twenty first century. I am not a singularitarian, but I do believe that we live in very, very interesting times.
The teaching strategy that I have been following, a little bit unaware of its origins, is one based on a metaphor.
We are building software cocoons, and getting connected to a collective space; some memespace, some memeland. I owned a Personal Digital Assistant, made by HandSping. I was eagerly waiting for the moment where it could be turned into a computer with telephone characteristics. Then, iPhone happened, and my HandSpring is somewhere in my garage, collecting dust.
My current bet is the iPad2, those are details though; my vision is this:
Edgar Altamirano Carmona: El Docente Conectado
In that document professor Altamirano outlines what he calls the Connected Professor. I myself have taught all my classes here in Chilpancingo, since February 2008, using some kind of Internet helper, for lack of a better name.
Professor Altamirano talks about living on the Internet, some Internet Immersion, like Language Immersion.. I share his views.
The first step of my teaching strategy then, is to become fluent online. I am fluent in Spanish and English, I am working to become fluent in Internet savvy, whatever that means.
I am moving in the direction of being one with the Internet.
That is the first step. The second step is the following:
I have to bring my students along. Professor Altamirano has created a space in facebook, it is here.
In conclusion: We are in the middle of a shift of the human experience, and it goes through digital assistants.
More to come.
Reading professor Melvin Konner book: ``The Evolution of Childhood'', I found this:
``This is consistent with evidence that teaching occurs in all human cultures (see Chapter 27) and with the notion that our species could be called Homo docens because we have something like an instinct to teach (Barnett, 1968), which could have emerged with the genus Homo some 1.6 mya.''
p. 118 Konner.
I propose then, that Project Zero adds this intelligence to their list.
I remember Bob Prigo from UCSB, he was a natural teacher, you can buy his book:
Making Physics Fun
It is eery to think that Japan was the first country to experience the destructive power of nuclear energy, and now they are threatened again with radioactive materials.
There are several threats humans are confronted with: meteorites, gamma ray bursts, solar wind storms, and on, and on.
I believe in the intelligence and resilience of the Japanese people. Maybe it sounds completely awkward, but the Haitian people have shown great resilience after an Earthquake hit their land. Two extremes in how they responded, one highly technological, and the other almost as hunter-gatherers; but all human beings are highly skilled in survival; if we weren't like this, we would not be here now.
All my heart to my brothers and sisters of Japan, and Haiti.
Saturday, March 12, 2011
"El subdirector de monitoreo y análisis de la Subsecretaría de Protección civil estatal, Roel Ayala Mata, explicó que fenómenos de este tipo se deben a movimientos sísmicos de gran intensidad, porque generan incertidumbre en la fauna marina."
The undersecretary of monitoring and analysis of the Civil Protection Undersecretary, Roel Ayala Mata, explained that these kind of phenomena are due to great intensity seismic movements, because they confuse marine fauna.
My friend Captain Ayala is explaining why so many mackerel and other fishes ended up in the tummies of tourists due to the tsunami in Acapulco.
Friday, March 11, 2011
Thursday, March 10, 2011
La Jornada publishes this tonight:
"Detiene Sedena a 10 presuntos secuestradores en Guerrero
Tras una denuncia ciudadana, militares acudieron a un domicilio y fueron recibidos a balazos. Un soldado resultó herido.
Publicado: 10/03/2011 19:56
Now I know why those Army vehicles were there, and somehow I don't feel safe.
Wednesday, March 09, 2011
I just watched Naomi Klein with Amy Goodman in DN!. Powerful people will take more violent actions against us; just like despots in the North of Africa. We are pawns in their power struggles.
Here in Mexico, Carlos Slim Helú, and Emilio Azcárraga Jean, are fighting over who owns the hearts and minds of Mexicans.
I am afraid.
It is like if Berlusconi took over Mexico to bed all the young Mexican girls he could.
The answer to the question posed in this note is: They kill, and take back what they think is theirs.
Thanks Naomi and Amy.
Tuesday, March 08, 2011
By Anthony Harrup Of DOW JONES NEWSWIRESMEXICO CITY (Dow Jones)--Mexico's largest phone company Telefonos de Mexico SAB (TMX, TELMEX.MX) said Tuesday it plans to split into two companies, one of which will serve rural and marginalized areas where competitors haven't invested.
The decision by the company controlled by telecommunications magnate Carlos Slim aims, in part, to counter criticism about the firm's dominant position in fixed-line telephony in the country, where it owns about 80% of the fixed lines.
In a press release, Telmex said the new company, which it expects to call Telmex Social, will serve the 46% of the country "in which there is no economic interest of any competitor" to invest and develop telecommunications, and in which Telmex has invested at low profit and sometimes at a loss.
Assets, liabilities and equity would be divided up accordingly, Telmex said.
Telmex, which is 59.4% owned by Slim-controlled America Movil (AMX.MX, AMX), reported 15.6 million lines in operation at the end of 2010, of which 1.8 million were in areas not served by competitors. Most of the revenue from those lines comes from long-distance and call completion.
The new company would pay the same interconnection rates to Telmex as competitors, Telmex said.
The planned division, which company officials have commented on in the past as an idea to be considered, would clarify the differences in Telmex's operations in those areas, the company said.
The decision to go ahead with the split coincides with a complex dispute pitting America Movil, Telmex and other Slim companies against the country's two main television broadcasters-- Grupo Televisa SAB (TV, TLEVISA.MX) and TV Azteca SAB (TVAZTCA.MX)--smaller phone operators, and cable TV companies.
Slim withdrew advertising from Televisa this year in a disagreement over rates. Earlier, Televisa called on antitrust regulators to investigate Telmex's billing and marketing agreement with start-up satellite TV service Dish Mexico. While Televisa, through its cable holdings, offers TV, phone and broadband Internet, Telmex is still awaiting government clearance to directly offer television.
Following the spat with Televisa, TV Azteca refused to sell Slim advertising space unless America Movil's cell phone unit company Telcel lowered interconnection rates for Grupo Iusacell.
TV Azteca, whose controlling shareholder Ricardo Salinas Pliego also controls Iusacell, later said it's willing to sell Slim advertising, but called for broad debate on interconnection.
Then last week, several dozen cable, phone and broadcasting companies called on the government to act to lower the interconnection rates charged by Telcel, which has about 70% of the country's mobile phone subscribers.
Telcel has offered them the same 95 peso cents (8 U.S. cents) a minute rate it agreed to with No. 2 mobile operator Telefonica SA (TEF), but opponents say it should be less than half that.
The Communications and Transport Ministry said authorities are working to promote competition, and rejected assertions by phone companies that it has failed to act on complaints against Telmex and Telcel.
The planned division of Telmex requires government and corporate approvals. Telmex L shares traded on the Mexican stock exchange closed down 1.2% Tuesday, at 10.75 pesos ($0.90).''
Very soon the powerful Energy lobby that hijacked the Tea Party movement is going to pass a terrible regulation. I reserve the word law, to real laws that are always followed.
Read about this coming laughing stock of the whole world on the NYT.
That seems unfair and stupid.
Thanks Sarah Palin.
``The net effect is that the United States will continue to massively subsidize consumption and starve investment. This is exactly the opposite of what history tells us produces long-term economic growth. The American economy is already far too focused on consumption and credit. And not only will this approach have limited benefits to the budget - any fiscal discipline that does not tackle entitlement spending is a charade - but we are cutting in precisely the areas where we should increase spending. From China to South Korea to Germany, countries are making large investments for future growth at the moment we are pruning such expenditures.''
``America's growth and prosperity over the past few decades have been consequences of major investments made in the 1950s and 1960s. Some of those are the interstate highway system; a public education system that was the envy of the world; massive funding for science and technology that produced the semi-conductor industry, large-scale computing, the Internet and the global positioning system. When we look back in 20 years, what investments will we point to that created the next generation of growth for the next generation of Americans?´
He is right, Libyan children now think like all our children, all over the world. They have joined us, and leave him behind history.
The note in Spanish is here.
``Durante las últimas semanas la Secretaría de Salud ha sido cuestionada sobre posibles malos manejos de recursos económicos y que casi al concluir la administración del gobernador, Zeferino Torreblanca Galindo, se reportan faltantes millonarios, especialmente del programa de Seguro Popular.''
During the last weeks the Health Ministry has been questioned about mishandling of economic resources and that almost at the end of the administration of governor Zeferino Torreblanca Galindo, there are millions missing, especially from the Popular Insurance program.
The fire reported in this note is convenient.
As part of the DOE budget process, last week we presented the program of the laboratory to the Office of High Energy Physics (OHEP) under three budget scenarios for the fiscal years 2011 through 2015. The guidance for these scenarios came from OHEP. The lowest scenario was one in which the program was cut by 5 percent in FY2012 relative to the FY2010 enacted level and stayed flat, without inflation adjustments, through FY2015. The middle scenario was one where we essentially stayed flat from FY2010 through FY2015, without inflation adjustments. In the top scenario we were encouraged to ask for what we need to accomplish an optimal program by adding selectively to a limited set of initiatives. At the end of the day we will live in only one scenario, possibly not even one that we presented. However, each of the three scenarios is important. Together they describe where we would make cuts if we had to cut and where we would add funding should this become possible. These scenarios allow our program managers to propose and defend budgets for HEP in the context of the overall Office of Science.
Articulating clearly the program in high energy physics has never been more important. The President’s FY2012 Budget Request to Congress has made clear priority choices, with a strong emphasis on science that addresses issues in clean energy. That is not where we make our mark. At the same time the administration is supporting particle physics with a program that allows us to transition to new programs within a relatively flat budget profile. The Secretary of Energy, in his testimony to the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, made it clear that the funding for particle physics can increase when we start building new, large facilities that now do not fit within a flat budget profile.
The scenarios we worked hard to understand could, of course, be thrown out the window if some of the present cuts proposed in Congress are applied. During the trip to Washington I spent a day visiting various Congressional offices. The picture that emerges is quite murky. The House bill that cuts 20 percent from the Office of Science in the current fiscal year will go to the Senate where it is likely to be defeated. The Senate has introduced its own bill cutting “only” 5 percent from the Office of Science. It is not even clear that such a bill will pass the Senate, never mind the House. At some point all of this should lead to an agreement by the House, the Senate and the Administration to tackle the deficit in a comprehensive manner. How that will play out, and what effects the various pressure points like a government shutdown or the need to raise the debt limit will have, are all up in the air.
One thing that is clear so far is the lack of understanding of the role of the Office of Science. Both in the House and the Senate bills, the Office of Science is cut significantly more than the NSF, NIH or NASA science programs. There is an immediate and acute need to explain that the Office of Science is an integral part of the scientific enterprise of our nation, provides the major scientific facilities, is the major supporter of the physical sciences and is no less important than the other major scientific agencies.
Monday, March 07, 2011
``The book traces the development of political order from the earliest human societies, which were small groups of hunter-gatherers. The first major social development, in Dr. Fukuyama’s view, was the transition from hunter-gatherer bands to tribes, made possible by religious ideas that united large numbers of people in worship of a common ancestor. Since a tribe could quickly mobilize many men for warfare, neighboring bands had to tribalize too, or be defeated.''
``Just as institutions are hard to change, so too they are hard to develop. “Poor countries are poor not because they lack resources,” Dr. Fukuyama writes, “but because they lack effective political institutions.” The absence of a strong rule of law, in his view, is “one of the principal reasons why poor countries can’t achieve higher rates of growth.”''
Dr. Melvin Konner studies hunter-gatherers today. I do believe a synthesis is coming.
I have watched this short several times now. First it was the issue of time which I commented on (see the link above), and now is about Hands.
Whether intended or not, Lev had an abortion. His puppets were thrown in the garbage can. His artistic tools disappeared, and mere hands appeared.
The belief that software will make experts more useful, is wrong. Employers can get away with hiring less people, making more money, with more software.
I see a pattern here. Kids using calculators and goofing off on their basic arithmetic skills, College students copying and pasting, even Ph.D. thesis, like Al Gaddafi in the London School of Economics, in that case I should add that the money Libya gave the school also helped, but I digress.
The pattern is that most people are happy to produce the same with more powerful tools.
Employers are hurting themselves, and consequently hurting all of us, when they DO NOT KNOW, they can do more with powerful tools, the same, or why not, even more workers.
We would like to thank E. Fradkin, T. Hughes and J. Jottar for discussions. E. M. and P. P. acknowledge financial support from the NSF DMR-0940992 and the Center for Emergent Superconductivity, a DOE Energy Frontier Research Center, Award Number DE-AC0298CH1088.
R.G.L. is supported by DOE grant FG02-91-ER40709.''
Eduardo Fradkin is Argentinean, and Professor Richard Blankenbecler from SLAC, once thought I was `that' Eduardo. No I am not.
Senator Dianne Feinstein
Energy & Water Appropriations Subcommittee
Senator Lamar Alexander
Energy & Water Appropriations Subcommittee
March 1, 2011
Dear Chairman Feinstein and Sen. Alexander,
We write in regards to the current proposed budget cuts on science, and the impact the cuts would have on the competitiveness of this nation, both in the short and long term. The economic health and world leadership of this country depends on an unbroken cycle of innovation, rooted in our ability to attract and educate new waves of creative young scientists and engineers, each year. It is this cycle of innovation, whose continuation depends on funding for basic research, that drives both basic and applied sciences, and the creation of new technologies and treatments that define and improve the quality of everyday life.
In order for the cycle to remain unbroken, and for the nation’s position of leadership to continue, basic research needs to be supported, even when the times demand strict fiscal responsibility. One never knows where the next transformative breakthrough will emerge, or who the next young scientist will be that creates it.
The proposed cuts to the Department of Energy Office of Science, the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Standards and Technology would result in the immediate cessation of many scientifically critical activities, due in part to the layoff of thousands of scientists and engineers. The cuts would have a severe impact on cutting-edge research in areas such as biotechnology, nanotechnology, high-speed computing, advanced materials and photonics, as well as high energy physics, nuclear physics and fusion energy sciences.
At a time when we are seeking to spark economic growth and encourage talented young people to pursue careers in science and engineering, reducing federal support for science research and education is counterproductive. It is basic research that motivates many young people to study science. Such cuts will only hurt our competitiveness, especially at a time when emerging economies such as China and India are ramping up their investments in scientific research and education, and are learning to form their own generations of young innovators.
As young scientists and our mentors, we ask that you make science a priority and fund basic research at a level that provides long term growth as an investment, both in our future and our nation’s future. There are many exciting questions that we can only address if provided sufficient resources, not only this year but in the coming years as well. The tools and techniques that we develop in pursuit of these answers will have a lasting benefit to our country and society.
1. Robert Roser, Fermilab, Batavia IL
2. Ben Kilminster, Fermilab, Batavia IL
3. Katherine Copic, Columbia University, New York, NY
4. Andrey Elagin, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
5. Elisabetta Pianori University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
6. Robyn Madrak, Fermilab, Batavia IL
7. Daniel Whiteson, UC Irvine, Irvine CA
8. Farrukh Azfar, Oxford, Batavia IL
9. Satyajit Behari, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore <d
10. Tom Schwarz, UC Davis, Davis CA
11. Ford Garberson, University of Chicago, Chicago IL
12. Andrey Loginov, Yale University, New Haven CT
13. Heather Ray, University of Florida, Gainseville Fl
14. Emma Alexander, Yale, Atlanta, Georgia
15. Jonathan S. Wilson, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
16. Rob Forrest, UC Davis, Davis CA
17. Dr Charles Plager, UCLA, Los Angeles CA
18. Kai Yi, University of Iowa, Iowa City Iowa
19. Bodhitha Jayatilaka, Duke University, Durham NC
20. Matthew Heintze, University of Florida, Gainseville FL
21. Yen-Chu Chen Institute of Physics, Academia Sinica Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China
22. Kyle Knoepfel, Fermilab, Batavia IL
23. Deepak Kar, University of Dresden, Dresden Germany
24. Alison Lister, UC Davis, Davis CA
25. Valeria Bartsch, University of Susex, Falmer UK
26. Harinder Singh Bawa, UC Fresno, Fresno CA
27. Heather Gerberich, University of Illinios, Urbana IL
28. Chang Seong Moon, Seoul National University, Seoul Korea
29. Tingjun Yang, Fermilab, Batavia IL
30. Sebastian Grinstein, IFAE Barcelona, Spain
31. Max Goncharov, MIT, Boston MA
32. Michal Kreps, University of Warwick, Coventry UK
33. Giulia Manca, University of Cagliari, Cagliari Italy
34. Mousumi Datta, Fermilab, Batavia IL
35. Bonnie T. Fleming, Yale University New Haven CT
36. Sasha Pronko, LBL, Berkeley CA
37. Efe Yazgan, Postdoctoral Research Associate, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas
38. Diego Tonelli, Fermilab, Batavia IL
39. Sergo Jindariani, Fermilab, Batavia IL
40. Meghan McAteer, University of Texas, Austin TX
41. Olga Norniella, UIUC, Urbana Champaign IL
42. David Cox, UC Davis, Davis CA
43. Dongwook Jang, Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA
44. Justin Pilot, OSU, Columbus OH
45. Kirsten Tollefson, Michigan State, East Lansing MI
46. John Conway, UC Davis, Davis CA
47. Robin Erbacher, UC Davis, Davis CA
48. Leo Jenner, Fermilab, Batavia IL
49. Paola Garosi, University of Siena, Siena Italy
50. Xinchun Tian University of South Carolina, Columbia SC
51. Karen Bland, Baylor University, Waco Tx
52. Enrique Palencia, CERN, Geneva Switzerland
53. Joseph Walding, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA
54. Marcelle Soares-Santos, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
55. Prashant Subbaro, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA
56. Halley Brown, Fermilab, Batavia IL
57. J.P. Chou, Brown University, Providence RI
58. Sudhir Malik, University of Nebraska, Lincoln Nebraska
59. Christian Pascal Graf, UIC, Chicago IL
60. Matthew Worcester, University of Chicago, Chicago IL
61. Ritoban Basu Thakur, Fermilab, Batavia IL
62. Carley Kopecky, UC Davis, Davis CA
63. Zeynep Isvan, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh PA
64. Derek Strom, UIC, Chicago IL
65. Dr Christina Mesropian, Rockefeller University, NYC NY
66. Ayesh Jayasinghe, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma
67. Gary Cheng, Columbia, NYC NY
68. Suneel Dutt, Panjab University, Chandigarh India
69. James Monk, UCL, London UK
70. Aaron Morris, Northern Illinois Univ. Dekalb IL
71. Jacob Linacre, Fermilab, Batavia IL
72. Ioana Anghel, UIC, Chicago IL
73. Ian Howley University of Texas, Arlington TX
74. Karolos Potamianos, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN
75. Shulamit Moed Sher, Harvard University, Boston MA
76. Jason St. John, Boston University, Boston MA
77. Bruno Casal, ETH Zurich, Zurich Switzerland
78. Gavril Giurgiu, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore MD
79. Alexander Paramonov, Argonne National Lab, Argonne IL
80. Bari Osmanov, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
81. Jeffrey Kubo, Fermilab, Batavia IL
82. Adam Patch, Yale University, New Haven IL
83. Anna Mazzacane, Fermilab, Batavia IL
84. Michael Peter Cooke, Fermilab, Batavia IL
85. Benjamin Auerbach, Yale University, New Haven CT
86. Warren Clarida, University of Iowa, Iowa City IA
87. Ricky Fok, University of Oregon, Eugene OR
88. Samvel Khalatyan, UIC Chicago IL
89. Miguel Mondragon, Fermilab, Batavia IL
90. Federico Sforza, PISA University, PISA Italy
91. Jon Wilson, OSU, Columbus Ohio
92. Jonathan Asaadi, Texas A&M, College Station TX
93. Edward Laird, Princeton, Princeton NJ
94. Dean Andrew Hidas, Rutgers University, Piscataway NJ
95. Irkli Chakaberia, Kansas State University, Manhattan KS
96. Mark Mathis, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg VA
97. Alejandro de la Puente, Notre Dame, South Bend Indiana
98. Yaofu Zhou, IIT, Chicago IL
99. Sarah Lockwitz, Yale University, New Haven CT
100. Douglas Orbaker, University of Rochester, Rochester NY
101. Joseph Haley, Northeastern University, Boston MA
102. Steve Nahn, MIT, Boston MA
103. Harvey Newman, Caltech, Pasadena CA
104. Austin Napier, Tufts, Medford MA
105. Sarah Demers, Yale, New Haven CT
106. JoAnne Hewett, SLAC/Stanford, Stanford CA
107. Jean-Luc Vay, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA
108. Tatiana Rodriguez, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA
109. Evan Friis, UC Davis, Davis California
110. Anyes Tafford, UC Irvine, Irvine CA
111. Avto Kharchilava, SUNY Buffalo, Buffalo NY
112. Georgia Karagiorgi Columbia University, NYC NY
113. Aaron Mislivec, University of Rochester, Rochester NY
114. William J Willis, Columbia University, NYC NY
115. Michael Murray, University of Kansas, Lawrence KS
116. Victor Yarba, Fermilab, Batavia IL
117. Florencia Canelli, University of Chicago/Fermilab, Chicago IL
118. Stefan M.Spanier, University of Tennessee, Knoxville TN
119. Pushpa Bhat, Fermilab, Batavia IL
120. James Wetzel, University of Iowa, Iowa City Ia
121. John Penwell, Indiana University, Bloomington IN
122. Igor Gorelov, University of New Mexico, Albequerque NM
123. Barbara Alvarez Gonzalez, MSU, East Lansing MI
124. Mauro Donega, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA
125. Angela Galtieri, LBL, Berkeley CA
126. Josehp F Muratore, BNL, Upton New York
127. Julie Managan, Rice University, Houston TX
128. Elizabeth H. Simmons, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
129. Elisa Pueschel, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
130. Ben Brau, U. Mass., Amherst MA
131. Jennifer Klay , California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo CA
132. Daryl Hare, Rutgers University, Springfield NJ
133. Daniel McDonald, Rice University, Houston TX
134. Sridhara Dasu, University of Wisconsin, Madison WI
135. Steven Blusk, Syracuse University, Syracuse NY
136. Fabrizio Margaroli, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN
137. John Strologas, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque NM
138. Nathan Goldschmidt, University of Florida, Gainesville Fl
139. Eva Halkiadakis, Rutgers, Picsataway NJ
140. Howard Haber UC Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz CA
141. Hongliang Liu, UC Riverside, Riverside CA
142. Stephen Parke, Fermilab, Batavia IL
143. Joachim Kopp, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
144. Alan Fisher, SLAC, Menlo Park CA
145. Jacobo Konigsberg, University of Florida, Gainesville FL
146. Zeno D. Greenwood, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston LA
147. Harrison B. Prosper, Florida State University, Tallahassee FL
148. Nikolai Smirnov, Yale University, New Haven CT
149. Nick Evans, University of Texas, Austin TX
150. Michael E. Peskin, SLAC, Stanford University, Stanford, California
151. Lawrence S. Pinsky, University of Houston, Houston, Texas
152. Bo Fenton-Olsen, LBL, Berkeley CA
153. Carlo Dallapiccola, University of Massachusetts, Amherst MA
154. Ron Madras, LBL, Berkeley CA
155. Paddy Fox, Fermilab, Batavia IL
156. Lance Dixon, SLAC, Menlo Park CA
157. Douglas Wright, Lawrence Livermore National Lab, Pleasanton CA
158. Ian Shipsey, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN
159. Reid Mumford, Salt lake City Utah
160. Pamela Klabbers, University of Wisconsin, Madison Wisconsin
161. Richard A. Vidal, Fermilab, Batavia IL
162. Ankush Mitra, Academia Sinica, Taipei Taiwan
163. Robert Hirosky, University of Virginia, Charlottesville VA
164. Chris Neu, University of Virginia, Charlottesville VA
165. Lina Galtieri, LBL, Berkeley CA
166. Marco Trovato, University of PISA, PISA Italy
167. Elizabeth Worcester, University of Chicago, Chicago IL
168. Leo Sabato, University of PISA, PISA Italy
169. Yu Zeng, Duke University, Durham NC
170. Yine Sun, Fermilab, Batavia IL
171. Viktoriya Zvoda, Fermilab, Batavia IL
172. Hatim Hegab, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater OK
173. Alexey Naumov, Fermilab, Batavia IL
174. Andrei Khilkevich, Fermilab, Batavia IL
175. Azeddine Kasmi, Baylor University, Waco TX
176. Robert Zwaska, Fermilab, Batavia IL
177. Alexander Romanenko, Fermilab, Batavia IL
178. Denise C. Ford, Northwestern University, Evanston IL
179. Kenichi Hatakeyama, Baylor University, Waco TX
180. Geum Bong Yu, Duke University, Durham NC
181. Tim Maxwell, Northern Illinois, Dekalb IL
182. Jun Guo, Columbia University, New York, NY
183. Liang Li, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA
184. Gianluca Petrillo, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
185. Dr. Tyler Dorland, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
186. Jesus Orduna, Rice University, Huston, TX
187. Mark A. Padilla, University of California Riverside, Riverside CA.
188. Zhenyu Ye, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois
189. Andrew Kobach, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
190. Hang Yin, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
191. Ryan J. Hooper, Bradley University, Peoria, IL 61625
192. Ashish Kumar, SUNY Buffalo, NY
193. Kayle DeVaughan, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
194. Dennis Mackin, Rice University, Houston, TX
195. Avdhesh Chandra Rice University, Houston, TX
196. Juliette Alimena, Brown University, Providence, RI
197. Satish Desai Fermilab, Batavia, IL
198. Jadranka Sekaric University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas
199. Dale Johnston, University of Nebraska, Lincoln NE
200. Dr. Andrew Haas, Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA.
201. Kathryn Tschann-Grimm, Stony Brook University Stony Brook, NY
202. Peter Renkel, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas.
203. Marc Buehler (PhD), University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
204. Oleksiy Atramentov, Research Associate, Rutgers U., New Brunswick, NJ
205. Shabnam Jabeen, Brown University Providence, RI
206. Subhendu Chakrabarti, State University of New York, Stony Brook
207. Alex Melnitchouk, University of Mississippi, University, MS
208. Michael Eads, University of Nebraska – Lincoln
209. Michael Wang, Unversity of Rochester, Rochester, NY
210. Carrie McGivern, University of Kansas
211. Diego Menezes, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL.
212. Ioannis Katsanos, University of Nebraska – Lincoln
213. Trang Hoang, Florida State University, Tallahassee, IL
214. Sung Woo, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
215. Sehwook Lee, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa
216. Maiko Takahashi, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
217. Dmitry Bandurin, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida
218. Leah Welty-Rieger, Northwestern University, Evanston IL
219. Amitabha Das University of Arizona
220. Xuebing Bu, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL
221. Joseph G Haley Northeastern U Boston, MA
222. Bjoern Penning, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL
223. Andreas Jung, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
224. Daniel Boline , SUNY at Stony Brook, NY
225. Mandy Rominsky, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL
226. Michelle Prewitt, Rice University, Houston, TX
227. Kenneth Herner, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
228. Mark Williams, Fermilab International Fellow, Chicago, Il
229. Yunhe Xie, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
230. Gabriel Facini, Northeastern University, Boston, MA
231. John Backus Mayes, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA
232. Harold Nguyen, Univ. of California Riverside, Riverside, CA
233. Anton Kravchenko, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
234. Ryan M White, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
235. David Doll, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA
236. Bradley Wray, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX
237. Alexander Rakitin, California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA
238. Daniel Chao, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA
239. Alexander Palmer, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, TX
240. Gil Vitug, University of California at Riverside, Riverside, CA
241. Rajarshi Das, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
242. Chih-hsiang Cheng, California Inst. of Technology, San Jose, CA
243. Bertrand Echenard, California Inst. of Technology, Pasadena, CA
244. Liang Sun, Univ. of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH
245. Ada Rubin, Iowa State University, San Jose, Ca
246. Mikhail Dubrovin, SLAC, Menlo Park, CA
247. Andy Ruland, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX
248. Jaclyn Schwehr, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
249. Bryan Fulsom, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA
250. Chris Bouchard; University of Illinois; Urbana, IL
251. Daping Du; University of Iowa; Iowa City, IA
252. Gordan Krnjaic; Johns Hopkins University; Baltimore, MD
253. Tim Linden; University of California at Santa Cruz; Santa Cruz, CA
254. Mark Mattson, Wayne State University, Detroit MI
255. Robert Craig Group, University of Virginia, Charlottesville VA
256. Artur Apresian, Caltech, Pasadena CA
257. Donatella Toretta, Fermilab, Batavia IL
258. Kate Scholberg, Dune University, Durham NC
259. Vito Di Benedetto, Università del Salento, Lecce, Italy.
260. Eric Feng, University of Chicago, Chicago IL
261. Tami Kramer, Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
262. Nicholas Hadley, The University of Maryland, College Park, MD
263. Paul Sheldon, Vanderbilt Univerisity, Nashville, TN
264. Daniela Bortoletto, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
265. Paul Padley, Rice University, Houston, TX.
266. Stanley Durkin, Ohio State University, Columbus OH
267. Kenneth Bloom, the University of Nebraska, Lincoln NE
268. Robert M. Harris, Fermilab, Batavia Illinois
269. Luc Demortier, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY
270. Greg Landsberg, Brown University, Providence RI
271. Tao Han Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
272. Manfred Paulini, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
273. Nikos Varelas, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
274. Brad Cox, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
275. J. William Gary, University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA
276. Marcus Hohlmann, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL
277. Daniel Elvira, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
278. Jun Miyamoto, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
279. Wesley Smith, U. Wisconsin – Madison, Madison, WI
280. Norbert Neumeister, Purdue University, W. Lafayette, IN
281. Bruce A. Barnett, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
282. David Saltzberg, UCLA, Los Angeles, California
283. Cecilia E. Gerber, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL
284. Robert Clare, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA
285. Alan Weinstein, Caltech, Pasadena CA
286. Hans P. Paar, University of California, San Diego
287. Edwin Norbeck, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
288. Claudio Campagnari, University Of California, Santa Barbara, CA
289. Yasar Onel, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
290. Ren-yuan Zhu, Caltech, Pasadena, CA
291. Colin Jessop, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN
292. Christopher G. Tully, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
293. Marc Baarmand, Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Florida
294. Liz Sexton-Kennedy, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
295. Dimitri Bourilkov, University of Florida, Gainesville
296. Guenakh Mitselmakher, Universtity of Florida, Gainesville, FL
297. Yuri Gershtein, Rutgers, Piscataway, NJ
298. William T. Ford, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
299. Pierre Ramond, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL
300. Richard Lander, University of California, Davis, Davis CA
301. Jim Alexander, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
302. Pete Markowitz, Florida International University, Miami, FL
303. Frank Wuerthwein, UCSD, La Jolla, CA
304. Cecilia Gerber, Univ. of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL
305. Mitchell Wayne, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
306. Kaori Maeshima, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
307. David Stickland, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
308. Peter Elmer, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
309. Lothar Bauerdick, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL
310. Igor Vorobiev, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA
311. Frank Geurts, Rice University, Houston TX
312. Vasken Hagopian, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
313. Sharon Hagopian, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
314. David E. Pellett, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA
315. Richard Breedon, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA
316. Dick Loveless, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
317. Anders Ryd, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
318. Vivek Sharma, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, Ca
319. Tim Doody, Fermilab, Batavia IL
320. Joe Incandela, UC Santa Barbara, Sanata Barbara, CA
321. Stanley J. Brodsky, Stanford University, Stanford, CA
322. Douglas Glenzinski, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
323. Marj Corcoran, Rice University, Houston, TX
324. Duncan Carlsmith, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
325. Philip Baringer, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS
326. Jon A Bakken, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
327. Lawrence Sulak, Boston University, Boston, MA
328. Robert Harr, Wayne State University, Detroit MI
329. Virgil Barnes, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
330. George Alverson, Northeastern University, Boston, MA
331. Don Reeder, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI
332. Michael Schmitt, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
333. Kamal K. Seth, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
334. André de Gouvêa, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
335. Brian Heltsley, Cornell University, Cornell, NY
336. Suharyo Sumowidagdo, University of California, Riverside, Riverside CA
337. Weimin Wu, Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois
338. Andriy Zatserklyaniy, University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Mayaguez, PR
339. Philip D. Lawson, Boston University, Boston MA
340. Alexei Safonov, Texas A&M University, Colleeg Station TX
341. Christopher Neu, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia
342. Petar Maksimovic, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
343. Keith Ulmer, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
344. Selcuk Cihangir, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL
345. William Tanenbaum, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
346. Christopher Justus, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA.
347. Edmund Berry, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
348. Aran Garcia-Bellido, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
349. Remigius K Mommsen, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
350. David Stuart, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA
351. Salvatore Rappoccio, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
352. Tia Miceli, University of California Davis, Davis CA
353. Sinjini Sengupta, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
354. Sorina Popescu, Fermilab, Batavia IL
355. Andrew Askew, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL
356. Frank Chlebana, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
357. Nhan Tran, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD
358. Ted Kolberg, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
359. Julia Yarba, Fermilab, Batavia IL
360. Kirk Arndt, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN
361. Jeffrey Temple, University of Maryland, College Park, MD
362. Robert L Stone, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ
363. Aram Avetisyan, Brown University, Providence, RI
364. Dorian Kcira, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA
365. Valentin Kuznetsov, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
366. Nancy Marinelli, Univ. of Notre Dame – Notre Dame, IN
367. Jacob Anderson, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
368. Seth Cooper, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
369. Andres Florez, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
370. Yuriy Pischalnikov, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
371. Seema Sharma, Fermilab, Batavia IL
372. Alexi Mestvirishvili, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
373. Yuyi Guo, Fermilab, Batavia IL
374. Jorge L. Rodriguez, Florida International University, Miami, Florida
375. Oliver Gutsche, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
376. Jeffrey Kolb, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN
377. Francisco Yumiceva, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
378. Roy Joaquin Montalvo, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
379. Steven Lowette, UCSB, Santa Barbara, California
380. Igor Vodopiyanov, Florida Institute of Technology,Melbourne, FL
381. James Zabel, Rice University, Houston, TX
382. Yuriy Pakhotin, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
383. Jason Gilmore, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
384. Weiren Chou, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
385. J. Kandaswamy, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford, CA
386. Jordan M. Tucker, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
387. Hongxuan Liu, Baylor University, Waco, TX
388. Christoph Paus, MIT, Cambridge, MA
389. Armando LANARO, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin
390. Tiesheng Dai, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan
391. Chi M. Lei, Fermilab, Batavia, IL
392. George S.F. Stephans, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts
393. Ye Li, Northwestern University, Evanston IL
394. Will Flanagan, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX
395. James Gainer, Northwestern University, Evanston IL
396. Kunal Kumar, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL
397. Bernadette Heyburn, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
398. Don Summers, University of Mississippi, Oxford, MS
399. Eric Vaandering, Fermilab, Batavia IL
400. Dimitris Varouchas, LBNL, Berkeley, CA
401. Burton DeWilde, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY
402. Josh Cogan, SLAC/Stanford, Palo Alto, CA (voter in Indianland, SC)
403. M. Saleem, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
404. Paul Jackson, SLAC/Stanford University, Menlo Park, CA
405. Devin Harper, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
406. Mark Oreglia, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
407. Darren Price, Indiana University, Bloomington IN
408. Kevin Finelli, Duke University, Durham, NC
409. John Stupak, SUNY Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY
410. James Degenhardt, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
411. Dilip Jana, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK
412. Krzysztof Sliwa, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts
413. Hayes Dee Meritt, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
414. Steven Farrell, University of California, Irvine, CA
415. Joseph Tuggle, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
416. Tetteh Addy, Hampton University, Hampton, VA
417. Lashkar Kashif, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI
418. Ning Zhou, University of California, Irvine, CA
419. Seth Zenz, University of California, Berkeley, CA
420. Michael Werth, University of California, Irvine, CA
421. Jianrong Deng, University California, Irvine, CA
422. Dominick Olivito, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
423. Joshua Moss, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
424. Zachary Marshall, graduate of Calech, Malibu, CA
425. Andrew Nelson, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa
426. Tim Andeen, Columbia University, New York, NY
427. Robert Calkins, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL
428. Caleb Lampen, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ
429. Kevin Slagle, University of California, Irvine, CA
430. Louise Skinnari, University of California, Berkeley, CA
431. Fayez Mahmoud Abu-Ajamieh,Northern Illinois University, Dekalb, IL
432. Lauren Tompkins, University of California, Berkeley, CA
433. Kevin O’Connell, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA
434. Maxwell I. Scherzer, University of California, Berkeley, CA
435. Danial Slichter, University of California, Berkeley, CA
436. Woochun Park, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
437. Jae Jun Kim, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC
438. Matthew Relich, University of California, Irvine, CA
439. Scott Aefsky, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
440. Reza AmirArjomand, University of California, Irvine, CA
441. Shannon MacKenzie, University of Louisville, Louisville KY
442. Fabien Tarrade, Brookhaven National Lab, Upton, NY
443. Chad Suhr, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL
444. Xin Qian, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA
445. Jedrzej Biesiada, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA
446. Corrinne mills, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
447. Brokk Toggerson, University of California, Irvine, CA
448. Stephanie Majewski, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY
449. Rajivalochan Subramaniam, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, LA
450. Andre M. Bach, UC Berkeley & Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Berkeley, CA
451. Hideki Okawa, University of California, Irvine, CA
452. Zhen Yan, Boston University, Boston, MA
453. Robert Harrington, Boston University, Boston, MA
454. Emily Thompson, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
455. Christopher K. Vermilion, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY
456. William Edson, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, NY
457. William S. Lockman, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064
458. Dmitri Smirnov, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY
459. James Saxon, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
460. Matthew Hickman, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
461. Kurt Brendlinger, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
462. Bradley Dober, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
463. Alex Long, Boston University, Boston, MA
464. Chris Potter, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR
465. Peter Radloff, University of Oregon, Eugene OR
466. W. Thomas Meyer, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa
467. Usha Mallik, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA
468. Simona Malace, Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA
469. German Colón, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA
470. Therese Jones, University of California, Berkeley, CA
471. Jessica Metcalfe, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM
472. Anze Slosar, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton NY
473. Sarah Newman,University of California, Berkeley, CA
474. Shirley Ho, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA
475. Kyoko Yamamoto, Iowa State University, Ames, IA
476. Eyal Kazin, New York University, New York, NY
477. Alexander Tuna, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
478. Regina Caputo, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY
479. Alfred Goshaw, Duke University, Durham, NC