Friday, April 25, 2014

[1402.0324] Extremely quick thermalization in a macroscopic quantum system for a typical nonequilibrium subspace

[1402.0324] Extremely quick thermalization in a macroscopic quantum system for a typical nonequilibrium subspace:



 "The fact that macroscopic systems approach thermal equilibrium may seem puzzling, for example, because it may seem to conflict with the time-reversibility of the microscopic dynamics. We here prove that in a macroscopic quantum system for a typical choice of "nonequilibrium subspace", any initial state indeed thermalizes, and in fact does so very quickly, on the order of the Boltzmann time τB:=h/(kBT). Therefore what needs to be explained is, not that macroscopic systems approach equilibrium, but that they do so slowly."



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